Forensic Sciences and Criminology
Criminology is a branch of the behavioural sciences that study the nature, extent, management, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behaviour. Forensic science is usually described as a scientific method of gathering and examining information about the crime. The disciplines offer academic and practical perspectives to crime, but the elements of both are usually needed to solve a particular problem. Both sciences are interdisciplinary, drawing upon the research in sociology, psychology, law, medicine, chemistry, genetics and multiple other disciplines.
Depending on the task, forensic scientists and specialists employ a wide array of methods Analytical methods used in forensic laboratories develop and change very fast in recent years. Writing a good essay would inevitably involve a literature research in the recent peer-reviewed publications. Appropriate publication databases should be searched for relevant articles and reviews. Usual web search is unlikely to produce a comprehensive overview of existing body of knowledge since these days many scientific articles are simply not available in the free access.
Clear well-defined structure with logical and coherent flow of information is critically important. The structure is dictated by the task at hands but the following questions almost always need to be covered when you are writing on a forensic topic: Which methods exist to perform a particular analysis? What are advantages and limitations of these methods? What dictates the choice of particular method? Forensic methods have significantly advanced in the last decades, thanks to the growing sensitivity of existing analytical methods and broad introduction of new methods such as DNA profiling.
The essay on criminology should engage and compare the relevant social theories and analyse the appropriate aspects of human psychology and law.
Reviewing up-to-date methodological information would help to demonstrate not only your ability to learn the things taught at the classes but also to research and interpret new data. The latter is the most important skill for any independent researcher and something that, in the short terms, would bring you excellent marks.
Research data and illustrative examples selected for essay should follow the logics of your essay. They should be not just relevant, but arranged in an order that helps to illustrate the right points at the right time. This would make the essay easily readable and understandable. Ability to communicate your thought clearly is always one of the points your essay will be marked for.
Obviously, the structure, depth and complexity of essay depend on the particular task at hands. The requirements for short undergraduate work and postgraduate dissertation are very different. But the major “selling” points mentioned above are always highly appreciated.