Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry deal with the discovery, development, chemical synthesis, clinical investigation and preparation of drugs. This branch of science tells how new drugs can be found and brought to the patients, how these drugs influence the body (and how the body influence them) and what can be done to ensure their efficiency and safety. Hundreds of new drugs get introduced every year. Many thousands more are being investigated in the laboratory and clinical trials. Writing a good essay would inevitably involve a literature research in the recent peer-reviewed publications. Appropriate publication databases (both chemical and medical) and clinical trial information should be searched for relevant articles and reviews. Usual web search is unlikely to produce a comprehensive overview of existing body of knowledge since these days many scientific articles are simply not available in the free access.
Clear well-defined structure with logical and coherent flow of information is critically important. Your essay should tell a “story”, which would include basic well-established facts, recent findings, their interpretations and relevant scientific theories (either old or newly formulated), gaps in knowledge and potential future research directions needed to fill these gaps. Lots of new findings published these days challenge the existing views on many old and novel drugs and the ways they work.
Reviewing up-to-date information would help to demonstrate not only your ability to learn the things taught at the classes but also to research and interpret new data. The latter is the most important skill for any independent researcher and something that, in the short terms, would bring you excellent marks.
Medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry is a rapidly developing field of research. Computer-assisted design and combinatorial chemical approaches help to discover new compounds with useful medicinal properties very quickly. The methods of drug development went long way to ensure that every new drug introduced to the practice is safe. New innovative technologies of drug preparation and delivery further increase the drugs efficacy and reduce their side effects. Our improving understanding of the molecular and genetic mechanisms of diseases promises to bring completely novel classes of drugs, vaccines and therapies in the near future.
Research data and examples selected for essay should follow the logics of your essay. They should be not just relevant, but arranged in an order that helps to illustrate the right points at the right time. This would make the essay easily readable and understandable. Ability to communicate your thought clearly is always one of the points your essay will be marked for.
Obviously, the structure, depth and complexity of essay depend on the particular task at hands. The requirements for short undergraduate work and postgraduate dissertation are very different. But the major “selling” points mentioned above are always highly appreciated.